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Learn Chinese Idiom - 本末倒置
Date:2014-02-19 10:52 From:wangjianzhong 【Print】 【Closed】 【Collection
Learn Chinese idiom - 本末倒置
 
The meaning of this idiom: put the incidental before the fundamental.
 
Idiom Story:
战国时候,有一次齐王派遣使臣到赵国去拜访赵威后,以示友好。赵威后很热情地接待来访的使臣。使臣在献上齐王准备的礼物后,又呈上一封齐王写的信。
赵威后收下了信,并马上拆开来看。她请使臣坐下,亲切地问道:“久未问候,贵国的庄稼长的好吗?”使臣一听,很不高兴地说:“我是奉了敝国国君之名前来问候您的,可是您不先问候敝国国君,反倒先问起庄稼,这分明是先贱而后贵。难道说,一个治理万民的君王,会比不上庄稼和百姓吗?”
赵威后听了并没有生气,反倒笑着对使臣说:“这你就错了!没有庄稼,如何养活人民?这不是贵贱之分,而是本末之别啊!难道说要先舍根本,去问那些末节吗?”
齐国使臣对赵威后的这一番话非常佩服,并且为自己刚才无礼的态度感到惭愧。
zhàn guó shí hòu ,yǒu yī cì qí wáng pài qiǎn shǐ chén dào zhào guó qù bài fǎng zhào wēi hòu ,yǐ shì yǒu hǎo 。zhào wēi hòu hěn rè qíng dì jiē dài lái fǎng de shǐ chén 。shǐ chén zài xiàn shàng qí wáng zhǔn bèi de lǐ wù hòu ,yòu chéng shàng yī fēng qí wáng xiě de xìn 。
zhào wēi hòu shōu xià le xìn ,bìng mǎ shàng chāi kāi lái kàn 。tā qǐng shǐ chén zuò xià ,qīn qiē dì wèn dào :“jiǔ wèi wèn hòu ,guì guó de zhuāng jià zhǎng de hǎo ma ?”shǐ chén yī tīng ,hěn bú gāo xìng dì shuō :“wǒ shì fèng le bì guó guó jun1 zhī míng qián lái wèn hòu nín de ,kě shì nín bú xiān wèn hòu bì guó guó jun1 ,fǎn dǎo xiān wèn qǐ zhuāng jià ,zhè fèn míng shì xiān jiàn ér hòu guì 。nán dào shuō ,yī gè zhì lǐ wàn mín de jun1 wáng ,huì bǐ bú shàng zhuāng jià hé bǎi xìng ma ?”
zhào wēi hòu tīng le bìng méi yǒu shēng qì ,fǎn dǎo xiào zhe duì shǐ chén shuō :“zhè nǐ jiù cuò le !méi yǒu zhuāng jià ,rú hé yǎng huó rén mín ?zhè bú shì guì jiàn zhī fèn ,ér shì běn mò zhī bié ā !nán dào shuō yào xiān shě gēn běn ,qù wèn nà xiē mò jiē ma ?”
qí guó shǐ chén duì zhào wēi hòu de zhè yī fān huà fēi cháng pèi fú ,bìng qiě wéi zì jǐ gāng cái wú lǐ de tài dù gǎn dào cán kuì 。
 
During Warring States period, Qi's king sent his emissary to Zhao State and visited Zhao Wei. Zhao's king showed his kindness and Zhao Wei treated the emissary friendly. The emissary offered a letter after providing Zhao Wei with the king's gifts. Zhao Wei accepted the letter and read it immediately. He asked the emissary to sit down and asked, "May I ask whether the crops grow well in your country?"
 
The emissary was upset and said, "I am sent here with my king's regards. However, you do not care about my king, why did you want to know our crops? In your opinion, are the crops more important than my king?"
 
Zhao Wei was not angry and smiled, "You are totally wrong. Without the crops, how could the people survive? Crops are the foundation of a country, should I put the incidental before the fundamental?" The emissary was shamed for his words and admired Zhao Wei's intelligence. 上一篇:Learn Chinese - The Ultimate Dream of Soldiers 下一篇:Learn Chinese - How to Describe the Relationship Between Frie
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